In addition to the broad range of materials that you can work with on a laser machine, there are a few different ways you can process materials:
Laser engraving works by vaporizing some of the base material with cone shape indentation. (Engraving depth capabilities depend on your specific laser.) Examples of materials well-suited for laser engraving include wood, leather, rubber, and acrylic, to name a few.
How does laser engraving work
Etching or Marking
During the process of laser etching, the cover layer of your material is vaporized, producing little to no depth but usually high contrast marking. The process is like cutting, except only the top layer is vaporized. Laser etching works well on materials with two or more layers, coated metals, anodized aluminum and engravers plastics.
How does laser marking work
Laser cutting happens when you apply enough power at a low enough speed to completely vaporize material all the way through. If a material is flammable, in most cases it can be cut by a laser.
How does laser cutting work
Fusing means adding a layer with ceramic powders onto the surface of metals, ceramics or glass, producing a fusing of the materials to add contrast. This process is accomplished using materials such as Thermark, Cermark or Laserbond.
More on laser applications