Les machines laser pour la gravure et la découpe sont disponibles en deux "versions" : en tant que plotter lasers et en tant que Galvo laser. Pour les plotters laser, le faisceau laser est dirigé par des miroirs fixes qui sont déplacés au-dessus de la surface de travail par les axes X et Y. Dans le cas des lasers galvo, en revanche, le faisceau laser est guidé par des miroirs qui se déplacent rapidement. Découvrez dans cet article quelle technologie est la plus adaptée en fonction des applications.
Les Plotters laser et les systèmes laser galvo diffèrent dans la manière de diriger le faisceau laser sur le matériau. Dans le cas du plotter laser laser, le faisceau laser est dévié le long des axes X et Y au moyen de miroirs fixes. À la fin, le faisceau est mis au point par une lentille et ensuite redirigé de manière verticale sur le matériau. Le système plotter laser est conditionné dans un boîtier. Plus la machine est grande, plus la surface de traitement est grande.
Pour les systèmes galvo, le laser émet sur deux miroirs rotatifs, hautement dynamiques de faible inertie. Ils sont déplacés par des entrainements du galvanomètre. Le faisceau laser peut être guidé au-dessus de la pièce à des vitesses très élevées avec une précision et une répétabilité élevées, car presqu'aucune masse n'est accélérée. La taille de la zone de marquage est définie par l'angle de déviation et la longueur focale des optiques.
La vidéo compare les fonctions divergentes.
Flatbed lasers typically have larger processing surfaces than galvo lasers. Trotec laser machines have processing areas as large as 87 x 126 inches. You can insert either a large part or many small parts into the machining area and then have the laser engrave or cut them. The size of the machine limits the processing area. The larger the machine, the larger the processing area. For models with pass-throughs, it is also possible to insert parts that are larger than the processing area.
Trotec's galvo lasers have lettering areas of up to 12.2 x 12.2 inches (310x310 mm) for fiber lasers and up to 19.7 x 19.7 inches (500 x 500 mm) for CO2 lasers. This refers to the marking area alone. By mounting the galvo laser on an axle system (X, Y) of a laser workstation, processing areas up to approx. 43 x 23.6 inches (1100x600 mm) can be realized. Galvo lasers are used with or without housing. With housings with pass-throughs or detachable side parts or without housing, even very large and bulky parts can be marked.
Flatbed lasers (or laser plotters) are typically operated as stand-alone machines. This means they always work independently from other production machines. The materials are taken to the laser machine, processed there, removed and processed further or sold directly depending on the product. Processing times also vary according to application. Some jobs take only a few seconds, while other take several hours. It is common for one operator to work several machines. While one machine is processing the jobs, other machines are being loaded, or parts are being removed.
The high processing speeds of galvo lasers usually get individual jobs done within a few seconds. In order to maximize production capacity and reduce downtime occurring from loading and unloading, there are also semi-automatic work stations with round tables. Due to the compact structure of galvo lasers, they can be easily integrated into production lines. As a result, very high numbers of parts can be processed in the shortest possible time in fully automated operation. Only the supply of new parts must be ensured. However, even this can also be largely automated by means of conveyor belts or other handling systems.
Trotec's flatbed lasers are equipped with easy-to-use software. The user works with the usual graphics programs (e.g. CorelDraw, Photoshop, Photopaint, AutoCAD, Adobe Illustrator, Word, Excel, etc.) and sends the laser job via a printer driver to the laser machine, where the graphics are converted into a real object.
Galvo lasers are equipped with a highly flexible, powerful but nevertheless very user-friendly software, permitting individual, intelligent and interactive program sequences to be created quickly. Everything is possible without special programming knowledge, including indexing serial numbers, time stamps, processing of lists, handling variables, and more.
Due to the design of the laser plotter ("flying optics"), the laser beam always hits the material perpendicularly. This ensures a straight cut edge, especially for thick materials (e.g. acrylic, MDF, wood). Perfectly straight edges are a mark of high quality and precision, and may be a requirement in some cases, for example if parts must be put together correctly after laser cutting.
Speed is a main advantage of the galvo laser, and the advantage is especially noticable when you're working with thinner materials, such as paper, cardboard, foils, or thinner laminates. Depending on the application, 10 to approx. 65 times the speeds of a flatbed system can be achieved. Depending on the position within the marking field, however, the beam impacts onto the material at a greater or lesser angle of inclination. In the case of thicker materials, this slope of the cutting edge is clearly visible.
Each application requires its own configuration for optimal results. Lenses (different focal lengths) and processing tables, in particular, have a substantial impact on the result. Flatbed lasers can be quickly and flexibly adapted to the application. This is an unbeatable advantage when you are working with a wide range of individual engraving or cutting tasks.
Galvo lasers are generally purchased for a specific application, for which they are optimized. Integration into ERP systems is just as possible as the marking of dynamic contents (e.g. counting up of serial numbers, time stamps, processing of lists, etc.). A high degree of automation facilitates the marking process and the throughput time.
- High focus tolerance provides tremendous benefits when working with products that are not 100% plane. Examples: Tools, jewelry, watches, machine components, medical implants and instruments, advertising.
- Deep engraving on metals possible
- Black discoloration of anodized aluminum possible
- Capabilities to reproduce colors on steel are possible
- Trotec lasers are also available as Speedy flexx. This patented technology permits CO2 and fiber lasers to be activated alternately in just one laser machine at the click of a mouse. This provides ultimate flexibility in material selection.
- Low-priced entry-level machines are available. The laser plotter is economically advantageous even for low quantities.
- Compatible with all popular graphics programs (laser software works like a printer driver).