In this video, we will roughly show you the operating principle and the layout of a laser.
LASER is an acronym that stands for "Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation". Simply put: Light particles (photons) react with current and emit energy in the form of light. This light is then bundled into a beam and so the laser beam is created.
Every laser contains three components:
- An external pump source
- The active laser medium
- The resonator
The pump source allows external energy to travel to the laser.
The active laser medium is found on the inside of the laser machine. Depending on the design, the laser medium can consist of a gas mixture (CO2 laser), of a crystal body (YAG laser) or glass fibers (fiber laser). When the produced energy is subsequently lead to the laser medium through the pump, it emits energy in the form of radiation.
The active laser medium is placed in the middle of two mirrors, commonly known as the "resonator". One of these mirrors is a one-way mirror. The radiation of the active laser medium is amplified in the resonator. Having said this, only certain radiation can leave the resonator through the one-way mirror. This bundled radiation is what creates the laser radiation.
Laser radiation has three fundamental properties:
- Monochromatic. This means that the radiation only consists of one wavelength.
- High coherence and thereby phase coincidence.
- The waves of the laser are thus considered parallel due to the coherence.
Because of these properties, the laser light is used in many areas of modern material processing. The intensity of the laser is maintained for an extended period of time due to the coherence and can be bundled even further through lenses. The laser beam influences the material surface, is absorbed and thus heats the material. Due to this generation of heat, the material can either be removed or completely evaporated. It is thus possible to engrave, to mark or to cut a multitude of materials.
How does engraving, cutting and marking with a laser work? We show you in these videos