Laser Cutting & Engraving Wood 

for plywood, MDF, Balsa Wood, and many other wood types

Trotec woodworking lasers are optimally suited for laser engraving and laser cutting wood and timber, such as for example toys, decorative items, artistic craftwork, souvenirs, Christmas decorations, gifts, architectural models, and for wood inlays.

Types of wood suitable for laser cutting & engraving:

Alder wood       Balsa wood
Beechwood    Cedar wood
Fine wood    Genuine wood
MDF      Natural wood
Solid timber    Solid wood
Veneer   

 

 

 

 

  Material overview

How does laser cutting and laser engraving of wood work?
When cutting and engraving wood and timber with the laser, high processing speed and clean edges are particularly important. Wood cutting lasers from Trotec produce a clean laser cut and accurate edges, even when working on highly complex object shapes and sizes. Time consuming and difficult cleaning processes fall away as no chips are produced when cutting or engraving wood or timber with the laser.

How can wood be cut or engraved with a laser?
When cutting or engraving wood with the laser, personalization and individualization are often most important: text or lines are applied to photo frames to increase their value; photographs or even logos can be realized with incredible detail with the laser. Hot stamping using a die cannot produce such accurate detail, nor is it possible to switch immediately to a different motif. Using the laser provides the user with extreme flexibility and the ability to refine the woods in a very high quality.

Does the wood burn during laser cutting?
In the cutting clearance of the material, the laser will produce a temperature increase that is higher than the sublimation temperature of wood. The "suddenly evaporated" – in other words: sublimated – wood is visible in the form of smoke escaping at a fast rate. This smoke also transports the introduced heat away from the wood. Consequently, there is only relatively low thermal stress on the material near the cutting clearance. By accurate focusing and selecting the appropriate optics and by supplying compressed air, high-quality cuts can be produced. The cutting edges with their brown color can often be used effectively in the design.

Can any type of wood be cut and engraved with the laser?
Since wood is a natural material, the laser user must consider various characteristics, such as e. g. the density and the resin content, when working with wood. Soft wood types, such as e. g. Balsa wood, require a lower laser power and can be cut at a higher speed. Hard wood, as an example of dense wood types, on the other hand, requires a higher laser power. When working with MDF, which consists of glued wood fibers, Trotec recommends the use of compressed air.

Do I have to fixate the material on the working surface?
No. The laser does not exert any pressure on the wood during the process; clamping or any other type of fixation is therefore not required. Simply insert the workpiece and start the laser process. This saves time and money during the preparation of the material. When milling wood, on the other hand, the boards must be clamped in position and must often be fixated by a vacuum.

Contact us for tips on the different wood types.

What our customers are saying 

CNC King Wood Engraving and Cutting  "If you want the best watch in the world, get a Rolex - if you want the best laser, get a Trotec! We've tested many different laser cutters for our wood models and found the Trotec machines to be the most reliable and precise."
 

 Jon Cantin, founder of CNCKing.com

Trotec product recommendation 

  • Speedy 100: The upgradable CO2 compact laser for demanding entry-level users

    Speedy 100

    Upgradable CO2 laser engraver for demanding entry-level users
    Work Area:   24 x 12 inch   ♦   lasertype:   CO2  laser, flatbed
  • Speedy 300 laser engraver

    Speedy 300

    CO2 flatbed laser machine for engraving different materials
    Work Area:   29 x 17 inch   ♦   lasertype:   CO2 laser, flatbed
  • SP500 laser cutting machine

    SP500

    Large-size CO2 laser machine for high-efficiency cutting and engraving
    Work Area:   49 x 28 inch   ♦   lasertype:   CO2 laser, flatbed
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